Resilience,as a multidimensional construct, is an object of interest for differentapproaches, philosophies, and psychological schools. This leads to differentdefinitions of resilience on the one hand; but most of all, we have to dealwith definitional overlaps with other constructs that describe similar phenomenons.Hagger (2014) calls this problem the déjà-variable phenomenon. However, for aprecise empirical work we need clear definitions and explicitoperationalizations of a construct. In this presentation, we will contrast theconstruct of resilience with the constructs of self-efficacy and spirituality,basing on mysticism. We follow a method (Koller, Glück, & Levenson, inprep.) which allows, on the base of expert ratings, the contrasting ofdifferent constructs at item level. The current contribution shows unexpectedambiguities and overlaps of resilience, self-efficacy, and aspects ofspirituality. We will discuss theoretical and methodical consequences andimplications for the research and research practice.