Snapshots from a peace Settlement. The Settlement of the Austro-Italian "South Tyrolean" dispute in images
The transformation of the "hereditary Italian-Austrian enmity" into a solid and mostly friendly approach as neighboring regions is a widely analyzed and historically illuminated case study in European pacification, especially in the cases of South Tyrol and Trieste-Istria, the final bones of contention between the two opponents during the First World War. The granting of South Tyrolean autonomy in 1972, which was backed by two UN resolutions (1960/1961) and 20 years later sealed by the submission of a "dispute resolution", is regarded in particular as a model for the peaceful settlement of a conflict, on the one hand between the state and an ethnic minority, and on the other between two states vying for the same minority territory. The symbolic significance of the resolution of this dispute for the overall process of European integration suddenly flared up again unexpectedly in 2016, when Austria expressed a wish to re-establish border controls at the Brenner border, formerly abolished as part of the Schengen Agreement, and to construct a border fence as a defense against refugees arriving from the South.
The article tries to analyse different steps of the settlement by a phenomenological and iconographical “reading” of images about the conflict and its crucial moments from past to present.
Beiträge zu Kunstkatalogen und anderen künstlerischen Druckwerken
Faculty of Art and Design at Jan Evangelista Purkyně University in Ústí nad Labem in cooperation with Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art Rijeka and Kunsthalle Eurocenter Lana (BZ, Italy);
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