Austrian and Indian School Culture

The aim of the chapter is to outline two different school cultures and compare them on the criteria, which are relevant for the implementation of school development processes. In our analyses, we differ between school intern and school extern criteria. School intern criteria can moreover be divided into school house intern and school house extern criteria. Schoolhouse intern criteria, for example, are the administration of a school, or the understanding of the teacher role from a historical perspective as well as the role of principals. Schoolhouse extern criteria are the structure of the school system, the philosophy of the hierarchy of educational ministry, administration and supervision of the schools. 

Social circumstances and influences play another important role, which can be characterized as school culture-relevant extern criteria. Those are, for instance, the form of government, population, urban versus rural character, climate, religion, philosophy, the aim of education in general including its pedagogical values as well as the implementation of compulsory education. Based on these criteria a general comparison between the Austrian and the Indian school culture is elaborated. The comparison results in a critical perspective on each school culture (what can we learn from each other?). The chapter concludes with an estimation in what way school developmental processes can be influenced by these different cultures.

Publikationstyp: Beitrag in Sammelwerk (Autorenschaft)
Art der Veröffentlichung Printversion
Erschienen in: Educational Action Research. Austrian Model to India
Educational Action Research. Austrian Model to India
zur Publikation
 ( I.K. International Publishing House Pvt. Ltd.; B. Hanfstingl, P. Ramalingam )
Erscheinungdatum: 01.05.2017
Titel der Serie: -
Bandnummer: -
Erstveröffentlichung: Ja
Seite: S. 241 - 258


  • 978-93-85909-90-0
DOI: -
AC-Nummer: -
Open Access
  • Kein Open-Access


Organisation Adresse
Fakultät für Interdisziplinäre Forschung und Fortbildung
Institut für Unterrichts- und Schulentwicklung
Sterneckstraße 15
9020  Klagenfurt am Wörthersee
zur Organisation
Sterneckstraße 15
AT - 9020  Klagenfurt am Wörthersee


  • 501016 - Pädagogische Psychologie
  • Bildungsforschung
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  • Nein
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Organisation Adresse
Pondicherry University (Dr. Panch. Ramalingam)
Academic Staff College, Pondicherry University
605 014  Puducherry, Insia
Academic Staff College, Pondicherry University
IN - 605 014  Puducherry, Insia

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