||The objective of this study is to review the “Thematic Strategy on the Sustainable Use of Natural Resources” implemented in 2005. This includes an overview of natural resources statement at the international level and at the European level. In particular, it is important to determine efficient abroad policies that could help the implementation of this strategy in EU. It will then provide element for an overall appraisal of the strategy in link with others policies, such as agricultural or economic policies. We will have to define the evolution of the strategy (analysis of achievements) whether i) it has increased, ii) it is at steady state, iii) it has deteriorated the situation. The final objective will be to refine the strategy after 5 years of application, in order to make it better depending on the evolution of the strategy (see above the 3 cases), and to make recommendation for the later stages 2010, 2020, and 2030.